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《三字经》全文完整版:带中英文对照翻译版本

2021-08-01 18:55品味生活 人已围观



人之初,性本善。性相近,习相远。
Man's nature at birth is good. Similar in nature, far in habit.

苟不教,性乃迁。教之道,贵以专。
If you don't teach, sex is moving. The way of teaching is based on expertise.

昔孟母,择邻处。子不学,断机杼。
Once upon a time, Meng's mother chose her neighbor. If you don't learn, you'll break the loom.

窦燕山,有义方。教五子,名俱扬。
Dou Yifang, yes. Teach the five sons and raise their names.

养不教,父之过。教不严,师之惰。
Raising or not teaching is the fault of the father. Lax teaching makes the teacher lazy.

子不学,非所宜。幼不学,老何为。
If you don't learn, it's not appropriate. If you don't learn when you are young, what do you mean when you are old.

玉不琢,不成器。人不学,不知义。
Jade is not cut, not made. People do not learn, do not know righteousness.

为人子,方少时。亲师友,习礼仪。
As a son of man, Fang Shaoshi. Relatives, teachers and friends, learn etiquette.

香九龄,能温席。孝于亲,所当执。
Xiang Jiuling can warm the seats. Be filial to your parents.

融四岁,能让梨。弟于长,宜先知。
Melting four years old can make pears. Younger brother Yu Chang should be a prophet.

首孝悌,次见闻。知某数,识某文。
First filial piety, first knowledge. Know a number, know a text.

一而十,十而百。百而千,千而万。
One and ten, ten and a hundred. Hundreds and thousands, thousands and thousands.

三才者,天地人。三光者,日月星。
Three talents are heaven, earth and man. Three lights, sun, moon and star.

三纲者,君臣义。父子亲,夫妇顺。
The three cardinal principles are the righteousness of kings and officials. Father and son kiss, husband and wife follow.

曰春夏,曰秋冬。此四时,运不穷。
Spring and summer, autumn and winter. In these four seasons, luck is not poor.

曰南北,曰西东。此四方,应乎中。
North and south, West and East. These four directions should be in the middle.

曰水火,木金土。此五行,本乎数。
Water and fire, wood, gold and earth. These five elements are based on numbers.

十干者,甲至癸。十二支,子至亥。
Ten dry, a to Kui. Twelve, zizhihai.

曰黄道,日所躔。曰赤道,当中权。
They say the zodiac and the sun. Say equator, middle power.

赤道下,温暖极。我中华,在东北。
Under the equator, it is very warm. I'm in China, in the northeast.

曰江河,曰淮济。此四渎,水之纪。
Say rivers, say HUAIJI. These four blasphemies are the discipline of water.

曰岱华,嵩恒衡。此五岳,山之名。
Dai Hua, song Hengheng. These five mountains are the name of the mountain.

曰士农,曰工商。此四民,国之良。
It is called scholar agriculture and industry and commerce. These four people are the good of the country.

曰仁义,礼智信。此五常,不容紊。
Yue Renyi, Li Zhixin. These five constants should not be disturbed.

地所生,有草木。此植物,遍水陆。
From the earth, there are vegetation. This plant is all over the land and water.

有虫鱼,有鸟兽。此动物,能飞走。
There are insects, fish, birds and animals. This animal can fly away.

稻粱菽,麦黍稷。此六谷,人所食。
Rice, Liang Shu, wheat and millet. These six grains are eaten by people.

马牛羊,鸡犬豕。此六畜,人所饲。
Horses, cattle, sheep, chickens, dogs and pigs. These six animals are fed by people.

曰喜怒,曰哀惧。爱恶欲,七情具。
Say joy and anger, say sorrow and fear. Love, evil, desire, seven emotions.

青赤黄,及黑白。此五色,目所识。
Green, red, yellow, and black and white. These five colors are recognized by the eyes.

酸苦甘,及辛咸。此五味,口所含。
Sour, bitter, sweet, spicy and salty. These five flavors are contained in the mouth.

膻焦香,及腥朽。此五臭,鼻所嗅。
Shanjiao incense, and fishy decay. These five odors are smelled by the nose.

匏土革,木石金。丝与竹,乃八音。
Pao earth leather, wood, stone and gold. Silk and bamboo are eight tones.

曰平上,曰去入。此四声,宜调协。
On the level, go in. These four tones should be coordinated.

高曾祖,父而身。身而子,子而孙。
Great grandfather, father. Body and son, son and grandchildren.

自子孙,至玄曾。乃九族,人之伦。
From descendants to xuanzeng. They are the nine families and the relationship between people.

父子恩,夫妇从。兄则友,弟则恭。
Father and son, the couple from. Brother is friend, brother is respectful.

长幼序,友与朋。君则敬,臣则忠。
Long and young order, friends and friends. The king is respectful and the minister is loyal.

此十义,人所同。当师叙,勿违背。
These ten righteousness are the same. When you are a teacher, don't go against it.

斩齐衰,大小功。至缌麻,五服终。
Cut Qi and decline, both big and small. To the end of five clothes.

礼乐射,御书数。古六艺,今不具。
Rites, music, shooting, number of Royal books. The six ancient arts are not available today.

惟书学,人共遵。既识字,讲说文。
But calligraphy and learning are followed by all. Both literate and literate.

有古文,大小篆。隶草继,不可乱。
There are ancient Chinese characters and large and small seal characters. Li Cao Ji, do not mess.

若广学,惧其繁。但略说,能知原。
If you learn widely, you are afraid of its complexity. But in brief, you can know the original.

凡训蒙,须讲究。详训诂,明句读。
All admonishments must pay attention to. Detailed exegesis, Ming sentence reading.

为学者,必有初。小学终,至四书。
For a scholar, there must be a beginning. At the end of primary school, to four books.

论语者,二十篇。群弟子,记善言。
The Analects of Confucius, 20. Group of disciples, remember good words.

孟子者,七篇止。讲道德,说仁义。
Mencius, seven only. Morality, benevolence and righteousness.

作中庸,子思笔。中不偏,庸不易。
As the golden mean, Zisi pen. Mediocrity is not easy.

作大学,乃曾子。自修齐,至平治。
Being a university is Zeng Zi. From self-improvement to peace and order.

孝经通,四书熟。如六经,始可读。
Filial piety is familiar with the four books. Such as the six classics, can only be read.

诗书易,礼春秋。号六经,当讲求。
Poetry and books are easy, and spring and autumn rites. The sixth Sutra should be stressed.

有连山,有归藏。有周易,三易详。
There are mountains, there are Tibetan. There are Zhou Yi and San Yi in detail.

有典谟,有训诰。有誓命,书之奥。
There are codes and instructions. There is an oath, the mystery of books.

我周公,作周礼。著六官,存治体。
I, the Duke of Zhou, make Zhou rites. With six officials, save and govern the body.

大小戴,注礼记。述圣言,礼乐备。
Big and small wear, note the etiquette. Speak holy words and prepare for rites and music.

曰国风,曰雅颂。号四诗,当讽咏。
It is called national wind and elegant song. Poem No. 4 should be satirized.

诗既亡,春秋作。寓褒贬,别善恶。
Poetry is written in the spring and Autumn period. Combine praise and criticism with good and evil.

三传者,有公羊。有左氏,有谷梁。
Three preachers have rams. There are Zuo surnames and Gu Liang.

经既明,方读子。撮其要,记其事。
When the Scripture is clear, Fang reads the son. Summarize the essentials and remember the things.

五子者,有荀扬。文中子,及老庄。
The five sons are Xun Yang. Wen zhongzi, and Lao Zhuang.

经子通,读诸史。考世系,知终始。
Jing Zi Tong, read history. Test your lineage and know the beginning.

自羲农,至黄帝。号三皇,居上世。
From Xi Nong to the Yellow Emperor. No. 3 emperor, ranking in the world.

唐有虞,号二帝。相揖逊,称盛世。
Tang Youyu, the second emperor. Xiang Yixun is called the prosperous age.

夏有禹,商有汤。周武王,称三王。
Xia Youyu, Shang youtang. King Wu of Zhou is called the three kings.

夏传子,家天下。四百载,迁夏社。
Xia chuanzi, family and world. Four hundred years, moved to the summer society.

汤伐夏,国号商。六百载,至纣亡。
Tang Vasha, a national brand merchant. Six hundred years, to the death of Zhou.

周武王,始诛纣。八百载,最长久。
King Wu of Zhou began to kill Zhou. 800 years, the longest.

周辙东,王纲坠。逞干戈,尚游说。
Zhou Dong, Wang Gang. Try to fight, Shang you said.

始春秋,终战国。五霸强,七雄出。
It began in the spring and Autumn period and ended in the Warring States period. Five strong, seven strong.

嬴秦氏,始兼并。传二世,楚汉争。
Ying Qin's family began to merge. Chuan II, Chu Han dispute.

高祖兴,汉业建。至孝平,王莽篡。
Gao Zuxing, Han Yejian. Zhixiaoping, usurped by Wang Mang.

光武兴,为东汉。四百年,终于献。
Guangwuxing is the Eastern Han Dynasty. Four hundred years, finally.

魏蜀吴,争汉鼎。号三国,迄两晋。
Wei, Shu and Wu compete for the Han Ding. Three Kingdoms, up to the two Jin Dynasties.

宋齐继,梁陈承。为南朝,都金陵。
Song Qiji, Liang Chencheng. It is the capital of Jinling in the Southern Dynasty.

北元魏,分东西。宇文周,与高齐。
Northern Yuan Wei, divide things. Yu Wenzhou, and Gao Qi.

迨至隋,一土宇。不再传,失统绪。
From the Sui Dynasty to the Sui Dynasty, there was a Tuyu. No longer pass, lose unity.

唐高祖,起义师。除隋乱,创国基。
Tang Gaozu, uprising division. In addition to the chaos of the Sui Dynasty, create a national foundation.

二十传,三百载。梁灭之,国乃改。
Twenty biographies, three hundred years. Liang destroyed it, and the country was changed.

梁唐晋,及汉周。称五代,皆有由。
Liang, Tang, Jin, Han and Zhou dynasties. There are reasons to call the Five Dynasties.

炎宋兴,受周禅。十八传,南北混。
Yan Song Xing was influenced by Zhou Zen. Eighteen biographies, mixed north and south.

辽与金,皆称帝。元灭金,绝宋世。
Both Liao and Jin are called emperors. The Yuan Dynasty destroyed the Jin Dynasty and the Song Dynasty.

舆图广,超前代。九十年,国祚废。
Wide map, advanced generation. In the 1990s, the state was abolished.

太祖兴,国大明。号洪武,都金陵。
Taizu Xing, guodaming. Jinling, Wuhong.

迨成祖,迁燕京。十六世,至崇祯。
Chen Chengzu moved to Yanjing. The 16th, to Chongzhen.

权阉肆,寇如林。李闯出,神器焚。
Quan Jiasi, Kou Rulin. Li Chuang out and the artifact burned.

清世祖,膺景命。靖四方,克大定。
The emperor Shizu of the Qing Dynasty was ordered by Jing. Jing Sifang, Ke Dading.

由康雍,历乾嘉。民安富,治绩夸。
From Kangyong to Qianjia. The people are safe and rich, and their achievements are praised.

道咸间,变乱起。始英法,扰都鄙。
Daoxianjian, chaos. Since the beginning of England and France, disturbance is despicable.

同光后,宣统弱。传九帝,满清殁。
After Tongguang, Xuantong was weak. It is said that the Nine Emperors died in the Manchu and Qing Dynasties.

革命兴,废帝制。立宪法,建民国。
The revolution flourished and the monarchy was abolished. Establish a constitution and the Republic of China.

古今史,全在兹。载治乱,知兴衰。
Ancient and modern history, all in this. Carry out chaos control and know the rise and fall.

史虽繁,读有次。史记一,汉书二。
Although history is numerous, I have read it once. Shi Ji 1, Han Shu 2.

后汉三,国志四。兼证经,参通鉴。
The third of the later Han Dynasty and the fourth of the national chronicles. It can also prove classics and refer to general learning.

读史者,考实录。通古今,若亲目。
History Reader, test record. Through the past and present, if you kiss your eyes.

口而诵,心而惟。朝于斯,夕于斯。
Mouth and recite, heart and only. Morning and evening.

昔仲尼,师项橐。古圣贤,尚勤学。
Cizhongni, teacher Xiang Ligularia. Ancient sages are diligent.

赵中令,读鲁论。彼既仕,学且勤。
Zhao Zhongling, reading Lu Lun. He was an official, learned and diligent.

披蒲编,削竹简。彼无书,且知勉。
Draped with cattail and cut bamboo slips. He has no books and knows encouragement.

头悬梁,锥刺股。彼不教,自勤苦。
Head suspension beam, cone thorn strand. He works hard without teaching.

如囊萤,如映雪。家虽贫,学不辍。
Like a firefly, like a reflection of snow. Although his family is poor, he can't stop learning.

如负薪,如挂角。身虽劳,犹苦卓。
Such as negative salary, such as hanging horns. Although the body is tired, it is still bitter.

苏老泉,二十七。始发愤,读书籍。
Su Laoquan, 27. He began to get angry and read books.

彼既老,犹悔迟。尔小生,宜早思。
He was old and regretted it too late. Xiao Sheng Er, think early.

若梁灏,八十二。对大廷,魁多士。
Ruo Liang Hao, 82. Yes, great court, Quebec.

彼既成,众称异。尔小生,宜立志。
Now that he has become, everyone is called different. Xiaosheng, you should make up your mind.

莹八岁,能咏诗。泌七岁,能赋棋。
Ying is eight years old and can sing poetry. Mi is seven years old and can play chess.

彼颖悟,人称奇。尔幼学,当效之。
Peter Yingwu is amazing. Children's studies should be effective.

蔡文姬,能辨琴。谢道韫,能咏吟。
Cai Wenji, can distinguish the piano. Thank you for singing.

彼女子,且聪敏。尔男子,当自警。
That woman is intelligent. I'm a man. I'm a police officer.

唐刘晏,方七岁。举神童,作正字。
Tang Liuyan, Fang is seven years old. Raise the child prodigy for orthography.

晏虽幼,身已仕。有为者,亦若是。
Although Yan is young, he has become an official. If there is something to do, it is also true.

犬守夜,鸡司晨。苟不学,曷为人。
The dog watches the night and the chicken is in the morning. If you don't learn, how can you be a man.

蚕吐丝,蜂酿蜜。人不学,不如物。
Silkworms spin silk and bees make honey. Things are better than people who don't learn.

幼而学,壮而行。上致君,下泽民。
Learn young and walk strong. From the top to the king, from the bottom to Zemin.

扬名声,显父母。光于前,裕于后。
Fame and parents. Light before, abundance after.

人遗子,金满赢。我教子,唯一经。
People leave their children, Jin Manying. My godson, the only one.

勤有功,戏无益。戒之哉,宜勉力。
Hard work is useless. It's good to give up the precepts.
 

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